Different Leadership Style Choices, Different Generations


Generation Z
Generation Y
Generation X
Baby Boomers

How to Cite

Bako, M. (2018). Different Leadership Style Choices, Different Generations. PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 2(2), 127–143. Retrieved from https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/46


In the past, a generation covered a larger span of time, having more members. However, today, thanks to the developments in technology and many other factors generations change frequently having less members and covering a few years. What matters now is the workforce itself and how these different generations work together. The current workforce has 3 generations working together while waiting for the fourth one. Soon, it is inevitable that 5 or 6 generations will be working at the same workplace. As a result, it is crucial to understand the type of leadership a generation prefers in business and academic life. The aim of this study was to find out how leadership style choice differs among four generations (Baby Boomers, Generations X, Generation Y, and Generation Z) of academics and prospective academics in Turkey. In the study, 265 participants from different generation rated the leadership attributes that contribute or impede effective leadership. The Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) Project research survey by House et al. (2004) was used to find out the leadership style choice of different generations. The statistical relationships were determined between the generation variable and the 16 primary leadership subscales through MANOVAs and ANOVAs. The results of the tests showed that significant differences exist among the four different generations in 3 of the 16 leadership subscales. These subscales are Charismatic 3: Self-sacrifice, Conflict-inducer, and Face saver.

Key words: Leadership, Generation, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Generation Y, Generation Z.



1. Alch, M. (2000). Get ready for the next generation. Training & Development, 54(2), 32-35.
2. Arsenault, P. (2004). Validating generational differences. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 25(2), 124 – 141.
3. Bako, M. (2016). The leadership style preferences of academics from different generations: Baby boomers, generaton X, generation Y and generation Z. (Master’s thesis). Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/giris.jsp
4. Carlsson, G., & Karlsson, K. (1970). Age, cohorts and the generation of generations. American Sociological Review, 35(4), 710-718.
5. Gardner, H., & Davis, K. (2013). The app generation. London: Yale University Press.
6. Guzman, I. R., Stanton, J. M., & Stam, K. R. (2008, February). The occupational culture of IS/IT personnel with organizations. DATA BASE for Advances in Information Systems, 39(1), 33-51.
7. Han, J. (2007, November 13). Marketers brace for generation Z customers. Korea Times.; Retrieved from http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2007/11/123_13651.html Accessed 24/07/2018.
8. Hansen, R. S. (no date). Perception vs. reality: 10 truths about the generation Y workforce.; Retrieved from http://www.quintcareers.com/Gen-Y_workforce.html. Accessed 01/08/2018.
9. House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P. W. & Gupta, V. (2004). Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. Thousand Oaks, CA Sage Publications.
10. Howe, N., & Strauss, W. (2000). Millannials rising: The next great generation. New York: Vintage Books.
11. Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2000). Generation X and the public employee. Public Personnel Management, 29(1), 55-74.
12. Kehrli, S., & Sopp, T. (2006). Managing generation Y. HR Magazine, 51(5), 113-119.
13. Kotler, P., & Keller, K. L. (2005). Marketing management. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
14. Lancaster, L. C., Stillman, D. (2009). When generations collide [Kindle edition]. Retrieved from Amazon.com.
15. Levine, A., & Dean, D. R. (2012). Generation on a tightrope: A portrait of today’s college student. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
16. Ryder, N. B. (1965). The Cohort as a concept in the study of social change. American Sociological Review, 30(6), 843-861.
17. Strauss, W., & Howe, N. (1991). Generations: The history of America's future, 1584 to 2069. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.
18. Tulgan, B. (1995). Managing generation X: How to bring out the best in young talent. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
19. Twenge, J. M. (2006). Generation me: Why today's young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled- and more miserable than ever before. New York: Free Press.
20. Twenge, J. M., & Foster, J. D. (2010). Birth cohort increases in narcissistic personality traits among American college students 1982-2009. Social Pyschological and Personality Science, 1(1), 99-106.
21. Zemke, R., Raines, C., & Filipczak, B. (2000). Generations at work: Managing the clash of veterans, boomers, Xers, and nexters in your workplace. New York: AMACOM.




Download data is not yet available.