PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ <div class="_h8t"> <div id="js_i9l" class="_5wd9 direction_ltr" data-tooltip-content="18:34" data-hover="tooltip" data-tooltip-position="right"> <div class="_5wde _n4o"> <div class="_5w1r _3_om _5wdf"> <div class="_4gx_"> <div class="_d97"><span class="_5yl5">WELCOME to <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is an <strong>international</strong> and academic journal that will make publications in all fields of social sciences. The purpose of <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is to be an interdisciplinary social science platform in which everybody associated with writing and notion can say their words. 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People who have been harmed must be able to take part in resolving it; The responsibility of the state is to preserve society to build peace.</p> <p>The fact of committing a certain criminal offense presupposes the mobilization of various legal mechanisms which are undertaken by certain competent bodies which must prove the fact whether we are really dealing with a criminal offense, the victim, its perpetrator and other issues that are directly related within these legal mechanisms, which is the purpose of research or study of the problem.</p> <p>The possibility of reconstructing the relations between the victim and the perpetrator in this paper is treated in the mediation procedure, the procedure on admission of guilt and compensation in damages in post-criminal proceedings according to the hypothesis of what are the possibilities of reconstructing relations between the victim and the perpetrator as current at the national, regional and international level, in a plane with the historical method and the normative method and presents the basic design of the research (study).</p> <p>The hypothesis with the results of the research has been tested that the reconstruction of relations between the victim and the perpetrator <strong><em>in the</em></strong> <strong><em>mediation procedure</em></strong> reaches the highest possible level, as opposed to a decrease in the level of reconstruction of relations between the victim and the perpetrator in <strong><em>the agreement of guilty plea,</em></strong> as well as the decrease in the lower degree of the possibility of reconstruction of relations <strong><em>in the</em></strong> <strong><em>post-criminal phase</em></strong>.</p> <p>Finally, the possibility of reconstructing the relations between the victim and the perpetrator is higher in the minor criminal offenses because the damage caused is smaller and presents a real possibility, while in serious criminal offenses such as murder, the reconstruction of relations it is simply utopia.</p> Arsim THAÇI Copyright (c) 2022 Arsim THAÇI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/278 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Positioning African Women for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) Era: Insights for Women Students https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/281 <p>This conceptual research paper seeks to understand how African women can be empowered for relevance in the fourth industrial revolution (4IR) era. It is fastened on a scoping review which served as data and the empowerment theory that served as the lens - theoretical framework. The insights of the paper for women students infer that STEM skills are critical for anyone to be relevant in the 4IR era and women students are underrepresented in that field, however, they should be hopeful if they are studying courses relevant to decision making science and humanities which 4IR era benefits from. Further to this, it reveals that learnings about the 4IR instil the consciousness of hope and fear in women about the opportunities the era bring. In conclusion, the paper emphasis that the views of 4IR critics of it promoting or widening inequalities and unemployment in the 4IR should not be taken for granted and for that reason empowering women with education especially the type of education that addresses the future is a necessity.</p> Onoriode Collins POTOKRI Copyright (c) 2022 Onoriode Collins POTOKRI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/281 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Transparency of Financial Reports of Companies in The Republic of Kosovo https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/318 <p>The financial reporting of any business entity wherever it operates is essential for the efficient management of that entity. Financial reporting in accordance with IFRS, international best practices and EU directives helps to create a more transparent business environment and enhances the credibility of other stakeholders. The financial reporting of companies in the Republic of Kosovo is important for a well-functioning market economy and provides some of the basic elements for a proper and sound financial system in Kosovo.</p> <p>The purpose of this research is to analyze whether the financial statements of companies in Kosovo are transparent, and each interested party can find their financial statements and other necessary information, as well as how they are prepared in accordance with IFRS/IAS requirements.</p> <p>Providing quality financial reporting helps users of that information to make important economic decisions. Financial information published and available to stakeholders in most cases to companies in Kosovo is considered not very reliable and not very transparent, as well as incomplete.</p> <p>The results of this research reflect the lack of transparency of financial information from companies in Kosovo, which is easily verified through the qualifications of the opinion of the auditor's report, clicks on the website, etc.</p> Ylber PREKAZI Copyright (c) 2022 Ylber PREKAZI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/318 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Meaning of Home in the Process of Change: Home in the Transfiguration of the Ordinary https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/284 <p>The concept of home, which can be discussed in many disciplines, is one of the important elements in the representation of shelter, belonging, asylum, security, peace, identity or it has become a phenomenon that is constantly traced in different disciplines over time, with the negative and contradictory states and phenomena of all these situations. The audience has become a powerful language and a mode of production within the object-space relations. Man attributes different meanings to the house that contains his own existence in his world. The house is not only a concrete building, a phenomenon that includes the usual housing function, but in this study, it is aimed to reveal the meanings in the phenomenological perspective of different disciplines that ascribe different meanings to the house.</p> <p>In this context, the objectification of the house by transforming into a mass communication tool with modernity, and the concept of the house during the research, first of all, briefly discussed with its phenomenological dimension, various thoughts on the house and space are included. To position the house, which has become an object of modernity, as an object space in contemporary art; It has been tried to reveal the perception methods that artists such as Petrit Halilaj, Louis Bourgeois, Gordon Matta-Clark Nevin Aladağ and Maider Lopez brought their own phenomenological approaches to home.</p> Recep KERKEZI Copyright (c) 2022 Recep KERKEZI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/284 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of Continuous Improvement and Quality Data and Reporting on Innovation Performance https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/290 <p>It is stated that there is no certainty in the literature as to what sort of relationship between Quality Management practices and innovation exists. The literature on the relationship between Continuous Improvement (CI) and Quality Data and Reporting (QDR) -two of the practices related to quality management- and innovation is even more limited. The aim of this study is to determine the relationships between CI and QDR and innovation performance (IP). The data were obtained from the companies with ISO certificate in the manufacturing and service sectors. The model which consists of QDR, CI and IP variables was analysed with the Structural Equation Model. The IP level was above the midpoint as well. It has been seen that CI and QDR have an impact on IP. In addition, it has been determined that QDR has a mediating role in the effect of CI on IP.</p> Onur ÇETIN Copyright (c) 2022 Onur ÇETIN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/290 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Instructional Humour and Cognitive Affective Learning with Multimedia (IHCALM) https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/282 <p>While background music and interesting yet irrelevant to the topic adjuncts were found to harm learning (and were classified as seductive detail) in the Cognitive-Affective Theory of Learning with Media model (CATLM), emotionally appealing shapes and color were found to foster learning (and were classified as multimedia with emotional design). However, although humour is used in education during class and has both psychological and physiological benefits, there is no published research about instructional humour (IH) in CATLM to date. The purpose of the current research was to clarify whether IH in CATLM fosters learning, or if it is yet another type of seductive detail. Total of 96 young undergraduate student participants were randomly assigned to watch a stimuli depicting 3D animations of brain cells either with IH (named as IHCALM) or without it (named as NH). All student data regarding mirth duration were measured with cameras, while how funny they found the stimuli, as well as their cognitive load, emotions, motivation, knowledge, and metacognition were all measured with Open Sesame. To test if the IHCALM harms learning, similarity between conditions was analyzed with both Bayesian Factor analysis and null hypothesis testing, which jointly reveal 3 outcomes. Outcome results show that IHCALM does not harms learning, due to being similar with the non-humorous condition. Implications of these findings for education are considered.</p> Diedon DORAMBARI Copyright (c) 2022 Diedon DORAMBARI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/282 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Attitudes Toward Elderly Inmates in Correctional Facilities https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/283 <p>Psychological well-being and mental health of elderly inmates are investigated by the international organizations, committees, and researchers. One of the main factors that influence their quality of life, daily mood, and well-being is interpersonal relationship. Numerous empirical data confirm the importance of interpersonal relationship, and attitudes toward aging. A definition of attitude item can be explained as an evaluation of a stimulus as reflected in our cognitive, emotional and behavioral responses to the problem (Fiske &amp;Taylor, 1991). In the field of geriatric psychology, research has focused on the problem of interpersonal relationship between elderly people and workers in prison environments. Prison officers are in interpersonal relationship with inmates and have responsibility for the safety, and security of the prison facility, and also for managing organizational demands (Schaufeli &amp; Peeters, 2000). Some researchers have shown that the health, and wellbeing of prison officers remain poor, and risk of being affected by different mental health problems, as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (Viotti, 2016).</p> <p>A systematic review of research and policy papers, articles that published on interpersonal relationship between elderly inmates and officers in correctional facilities, also effective programs outcomes were conducted. The main symptoms of the problem were measured with a special checklist and questionnaires. The quality of life was measured QOL survey that was made based on WHO (World Health Organization) QOL questionnaire. 200 elderly prisoners have been involved in the research from different prison regimes of Azerbaijan correctional facilities between 2019-2020.</p> <p>A systematic approach in psychological work with elderly prisoners, also officers allows for the transition from a symptomatic to a personality-oriented level of psychological impact. Psychological emotional support can renew their hope on life, influence positive outcomes of the support program. According to the results of repeated psychological research, the patient's condition was characterized by positive dynamics: the level of psychological distress and the intensity of psychological distress significantly decreased, the general internality of the personality increased, as well as the subjective assessment of personal well-being.</p> <p>It is necessary to focus the attention of specialists on the advisability of using psycho-educational programs in a prison environment, providing information about the aging dynamically. Such programs, used at the initial stages of work with patients, contribute to the creation of motivation for personal psychotherapy and significantly increase its effectiveness.</p> Gulshan ALIYEVA Copyright (c) 2022 Gulshan ALIYEVA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/283 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Impact of the Pandemic on the Growth of Online Purchases https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/307 <p>The paper presents information about consumer behavior and is concerned with collecting and analyzing data on consumer behavior versus online shopping. The whole focus is on how much online shopping has increased since the pandemic to understand how businesses are operating with online sales and whether consumers are satisfied with their services.</p> <p>This paper uses the descriptive methodology and concluded that people make online purchases in our market and from selected businesses. In this place, respondents make the most purchases is Giraffe. We also analyzed the questionnaire's data and compared it with the information extracted, where the result is that: people are greatly influenced by word of mouth on the Internet (e-Wom). So read the experiences of others before buying products. Also analyzed the demographic data, where we concluded that the most cooperative age group for online shopping is 18-23 and the highest participation in the research is female.</p> Burim KASTRATI Copyright (c) 2022 Burim KASTRATI https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/307 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Promoting Youth Empowerment through Business Mentorship in South Africa https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/291 <p>One of the setbacks in youth entrepreneurship is the unavailability of proper business knowledge and mentorship. In rural municipalities of South Africa, the absence of youth mentorship has widened the inequality gap and triggered deep youth poverty. This article reinforces the importance of youth mentoring in crucial business aspects such as writing business plans for entrepreneurial success. This study is premised on a positivist paradigm that uses a quantitative research design. The researchers administered twenty questionnaires to youth entrepreneurs in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM) in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa to examine whether mentoring the writing of business plans plays an essential role in their entrepreneurial ventures. The results for this article reveal that most youth entrepreneurs do not receive mentoring to boost their entrepreneurial ventures, even though mentoring has been identified as necessary. The report recommends that youth entrepreneurs be mentored to promote their businesses, which will create youth economic development and employment creation in BCMM.</p> Anthony Kambi MASHA, Elvin SHAVA, Tafadzwa MAMBIRAVANA, Patrick William BWOWE Copyright (c) 2022 Anthony Kambi MASHA, Elvin SHAVA, Tafadzwa MAMBIRAVANA, Patrick William BWOWE https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/291 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Secondary English Teaching Programs in Turkey and Kosovo: A Comparison in Terms of the Items of the Curriculum https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/312 <p>The study was carried out in order to compare the sixth grade English curriculum in Turkey and Kosovo in terms of similar and different aspects. The research is a case study from qualitative research designs. The English course curriculum taken from the web pages of the Ministries of National Education of Turkey and Kosovo were analyzed in detail and interpreted by comparing the objectives, content, teaching learning process and evaluation. According to the findings obtained; It has been seen that most of the objectives in the curriculum of both countries are cognitive whereas affective objectives are limited in number. On the other hand, there are more practical objectives in the curriculum implemented in Kosovo. When the teaching programs of both countries are considered according to the units, it is noteworthy that the selected topics are similar in that they contain information that can be used in daily life and are chosen to develop the imagination of the students. When the curriculum is analyzed in the context of teaching-learning process; It can be said that teaching methods such as student-centered and fun learning through games, motivating students and active use of audio-visual media tools are similar for both countries. It is also similar to the fact that there are activities and alternative evaluation methods that encourage formative assessment instead of summative evaluation in case of testing in the curriculum. On the other hand, different from Kosovo, it has been observed that detailed information about the testing situation is given to teachers in the English language curriculum in Turkey, and there are some recommendations in this context with effective assessment and evaluation techniques.</p> Adile OSMANI SHEHU, H.Şenay ŞEN Copyright (c) 2022 Adile OSMANI SHEHU, H.Şenay ŞEN https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 https://prizrenjournal.com/index.php/PSSJ/article/view/312 Fri, 29 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000