PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL <div class="_h8t"> <div id="js_i9l" class="_5wd9 direction_ltr" data-tooltip-content="18:34" data-hover="tooltip" data-tooltip-position="right"> <div class="_5wde _n4o"> <div class="_5w1r _3_om _5wdf"> <div class="_4gx_"> <div class="_d97"><span class="_5yl5">WELCOME to <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is an <strong>international</strong> and academic journal that will make publications in all fields of social sciences. The purpose of <strong>PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL (PSSJ)</strong> is to be an interdisciplinary social science platform in which everybody associated with writing and notion can say their words. 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Therefore, this study explores the challenges faced by students that make them disregard COVID-19 protocols, such as wearing nose masks, hand sanitization, and social distancing. The study is located in an interpretive paradigm using a case study as a research design. The convenience sampling technique was used to select ten university students who responded to interview questions on the challenges that hinder them from complying with COVID-19 protocols. The study adopted thematic analysis (TA) as a qualitative tool to interpret and make meanings from the data generated. The study found that limited COVID-19 awareness on campus, health challenges among students, and lack of classroom capacity and personal protective equipment (PPE) are significant challenges. In contrast, the recommended solutions are stricter COVID-19 regulations, provision of PPE and spacious lecture rooms, and creating COVID-19 awareness/education. The study suggests that university management or authorities should provide strategies to make students adhere to the measures, provide PPE to alleviate students financially or socially and ensure adequate awareness of COVID-19 on campus.</p> Oyinlola O ADEBOLA Bunmi Isaiah OMODAN Copyright (c) 2022 Oyinlola O ADEBOLA, Bunmi Isaiah OMODAN 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 38 47 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.353 SUICIDE AS A PHENOMENON IN THE MUNICIPALITY OF PRIZREN FROM CITIZENS’ PERSPECTIVE <p>Suicide as a phenomenon is present in almost all societies of the world, including the Kosovar society, through which the individual tries to take his own life. According to the law, this offense is not punished because the individual ceases to exist as a legal subject, but if we are dealing with pushing or assisting suicide, then investigations are initiated by the competent authorities.</p> <p>The main purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the opinions of the citizens of the Municipality of Prizren on the cause, methods and treatments of suicide cases in this municipality.</p> <p> An online questionnaire was used to achieve the required results. The research method used is of quantitative type, through which it is attempted to present numerical data about the issue in question.</p> <p>The results of the research indicate that the main cause of suicides in the Municipality of Prizren are unstable economic conditions, narcotic substances use and psychological stress. The research determines that one of the main ways to commit suicide is hanging and jumping from high objects. According to the data provided, it is observed that the phenomenon of suicide is of medium frequency, and not all cases of suicide should be subject to autopsy examination.</p> Alban KRYEZI Copyright (c) 2022 Alban KRYEZI 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 48 54 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.348 METAVERSE: TECHNOLOGY OF THE FUTURE <p>Since the birth of the internet, its fast development and the introduction of a new technological era with Metaverse recently, transferred many things done by the individuals, to digital world from the real one. All necessities of humans, in this digital world, as shopping to education are done in a 3D virtual setting where payments are done with crypto money instead of real money. Even the artwork is now available to buyers in the digital environment. With Metaverse, new professions have emerged and various money-making means shifted the economy to different dimensions. Metaverse brings conveniences to human lives but there are also some difficulties appearing on the way presented as disadvantages and uncertainties. As a new thing for human life, its positive sides catch more attention. Through the augmented reality and virtual reality technologies, real-life objects can be carried into virtual environments where its users experience a real life feeling. In this study, the historical development of the internet and its current version are discussed. The history of the Internet, which started with Web 1.0 with a non-interactive and static structure, continued with Web 2.0 with an interactive and dynamic structure, has developed to the present day as Web 3.0 which can be interpreted by computers and machines. Moreover, in this study, the positive and negative effects of Metaverse that may have on human lives and games in the future is discussed and specified. In addition, financially important Blockchain technology that is widely used nowadays is also analyzed.</p> Sertaç ŞALÇINI Tarık YERLIKAYA Copyright (c) 2022 Sertaç ŞALÇINI, Tarık YERLIKAYA 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 55 63 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.332 THE AFRICAN UNION’S AGENDA 2063 FOR AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT: POSSIBILITY OR RUSE? <p>When Africa emerged from the chains of colonialism, there was great hope for post-colonial African leaders to consolidate the spirit of Pan-Africanism and use Africa's vast resources to spur inclusive socioeconomic development. The Organization of African Unity also supported this vision, as did the Lagos Plan of Action and the New Partnership for Africa's Development. Great emphasis was placed on continental integration and African unity. However, post-colonialism, Africa has been engulfed by never conflict, fragmentation of governance, political instability, and unstable relations between African countries, thus defeating the need for unity and collective development. The African Union Agenda 2063 is Africa's blueprint for achieving inclusive and sustainable socioeconomic development. It seeks to ensure, amongst others, peace and economic and political stability. However, there have been questions about whether the AU can achieve this. This doubt has been driven by the plethora of socioeconomic and political problems currently consuming Africa. This paper reviews current literature to examine the practicality of AU agenda 2063. It seeks to understand whether this agenda can be a possibility or just another plan with little if no substance. The following question will guide this paper: to what extent can the AU's agenda 2063 become realizable, considering the current socioeconomic and political challenges engulfing Africa?</p> Victor H MLAMBO Xolani THUSI Sbonelo GIFT NDLOVUAND Copyright (c) 2022 Victor H MLAMBO, Xolani THUSI, Sbonelo GIFT NDLOVUAND 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 64 74 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.358 DRAWING EXPERIENCES ON PARTICIPATORY FORESTRY EXTENSION APPROACHES: IMPLICATION FOR FORESTRY EXTENSION IN ETHIOPIA <p>Forestry extension in Ethiopia has been mirrored in the agriculture extension package as one aspect commonly to address land and forest degradation. In contrast to the top-down approach, the participatory extension has given momentum to promote afforestation and rehabilitation of degraded land for transferring sufficient knowledge and addressing growers’ choices to raise tree species for various purposes. However, the research on forestry-related participatory technology development, adaption, and extension seems overlooked. The purpose of this review was to draw on the experiences of countries with low economic development on participatory forestry technologies development and extension. Hence, I reviewed good practices of various selected countries where forestry participatory extension approaches have been effective. The result of the review shows that participatory extension approaches like group training, demonstration trial, farmer's field school, and community-based extension approaches have been effective in forest management and livelihood development in the forest sector. Therefore, the review implies that key forestry stakeholders engaging in research, technology development and extension should prioritize participatory approaches to address both community needs and ecological aspects.</p> Omer HINDE Copyright (c) 2022 Omer HINDE 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 75 84 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.350 FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF PRIZREN IN KOSOVO FOR THE PERIOD 2005-2019 <p>The purpose of this research is to analyze and reflect the financial performance of revenues and expenditures of the Municipality of Prizren in Kosovo from 2005 to 2019. Using different types of methods (statistical, confirmatory, qualitative, analytical, quantitative and comparative), the analysis of revenues and expenditures of the Municipality of Prizren is done for each year separately, where it is presented in detail in tabular forms. Each revenue and each expense is calculated separately and the index of the ratios between allocation and planning, realization and planning as well as realization in relation to the allocation is derived. This research shows the growth of own source revenues from 2005 to 2019, while through the relationship between the realization and planning of own source revenues it analyzes whether there was a discrepancy between the realization and planning in these revenues. The result of the realization of the government grant planning for 15 years will also be shown. All these findings are based on data obtained from the official financial reports of the Municipality of Prizren and financial statements. It has also been done analysis of the correlation between the realization of municipal budget expenditures and the realization of capital investmens. This research tests the four hypotheses presented, which are all accepted after the analysis.</p> Gjeni IMAMI Copyright (c) 2022 Gjeni IMAMI 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 1 10 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.359 EVALUATING THE LANDSCAPE DESIGN OF 3RD GENERATION SPACES THROUGH A STUDIO STUDY <p>The transformation of the concept-form relationship into a concrete expression in the design experience, which is considered a challenging process, is one of the essential parts of this process. In this process, in which various methods are evaluated, the form seen as a communication tool occurs through distinct connotations. Within the scope of this study, students' search for form in a landscape design project problem, their connotations in the education process, and thus their solutions to the design problem were evaluated.</p> <p>In the study, the studies of the students made during a semester were criticized in the presence of the coordinator. The concept of coffee and its associations in the landscape design of the 3rd Generation coffee sales unit in a campus venue, the sources they inspired and their final projects constitute the material of this study. The concept-form relationships of the projects were examined and, as a result, it was determined that it was easier for students to transfer certain formal objects to the projects in the search for form.</p> Elif AYAN ÇEVEN Copyright (c) 2022 Elif AYAN ÇEVEN 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 11 16 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.368 ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING RURAL HOUSEHOLDS’ PARTICIPATION IN INLAND FISHERIES: A CASE STUDY OF GREATER TZANEEN LOCAL MUNICIPALITY, LIMPOPO PROVINCE <p>The study investigated factors that influence the participation of rural households in inland fisheries in the Greater Tzaneen Local Municipality of the Limpopo Province. Data was collected from sixty rural households using purposive and simple random sampling techniques. The objectives were to identify and profile the socio-economic characteristics of rural households and, to determine factors that influence the participation of rural households in inland fisheries. Descriptive statistics and Binary logistic model were employed to achieve these objectives. The findings show that only 42% of rural households participate in inland fisheries. Additionally, about 5% of females are reported as participants of inland fisheries in the Mopani District Municipality. Moreover, gender of the household head has a positive influence on participation while, access to credits, type of agricultural activity and source of income had a negative influence. The study recommends that women be motivated to participate in inland fisheries to enhance food security and improve their livelihoods.</p> Jenny POTSISO MOKHAUKHAU Abenet BELETE Johannes JAN HLONGWANE Jabulile ZAMUKUHLE MANYIKE Copyright (c) 2022 Jenny POTSISO MOKHAUKHAU , Abenet BELETE, Johannes JAN HLONGWANE, Jabulile ZAMUKUHLE MANYIKE 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 17 25 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.356 THE IMPACT OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON ONLINE SHOPPING: AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH WITH KOSOVAR CONSUMERS <p>The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the growth of online businesses in Kosovo is a topic that is treated in this paper. Due to the fall in economic activity brought on by the economy's closure, the COVID-19 pandemic inevitably had a negative impact on the Kosovar economy, just like it has on other nations around the world. The requirement for enterprises to undergo a digital transformation has been considerably expedited by Covid-19, which has had a tremendous impact on businesses, society, and the economy in general.</p> <p>E-commerce is based on the idea of conducting business more effectively and quickly online. Giving clients access to the company's computer system allows them to modify the product and service to their specifications and ensure on-time delivery. These automated tailored services have a significant financial impact on enterprises by boosting earnings and lowering operating expenses.</p> <p>This paper seeks to shed light on the Covid-19 pandemic's effects on Kosovo's internet commerce growth. For this reason, a survey was conducted online, with 251 respondents selecting the appropriate sample using a non-random selection approach.</p> <p>The results show that Covid-19 appears to have had a favorable effect on the growth of online businesses in Kosovo. The Covid pandemic has positively impacted the growth of online enterprises in Kosovo, and the 24/7 accessibility of the online business has positively impacted the increase in sales volume, according to the results of the hypothesis testing. The paper primarily describes how the Covid-19 epidemic affected the growth of online enterprises in Kosovo.</p> Qendrim BYTYQI Copyright (c) 2022 Qendrim BYTYQI 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 6 3 26 37 10.32936/pssj.v6i3.380