The Impact of Motivation on Organizational Commitment: An Empirical Study with Kosovar Employees
PDF

Keywords

Motivation, Organizational Commitment, Influence.

How to Cite

BYTYQI, Q. (2020). The Impact of Motivation on Organizational Commitment: An Empirical Study with Kosovar Employees. PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 4(3), 24-32. https://doi.org/10.32936/pssj.v4i3.187

Abstract

Motivation and Organizational Commitment are determinant factors that directly influence the success of the organization. Work motivation is the process that initiates and maintains goal-directed performance, Commitment encourages employees to voluntarily engage in the organization and have an intention to be members of the organization for the long term. This study investigates the relationship between motivation and organizational commitment. An online survey was conducted with 207 participants across Kosovo. The results of regression analysis show that motivation has a significant effect on organizational commitment. The model summary shows that work motivation explains 36% of the change in organizational commitment. The coefficient of work motivation) shows that work motivation has a strong and positive effect on organizational commitment. Positive and strong correlation found between work motivation (WM) and organizational commitment (OC). As much the employees are motivated that means they automatically will increase the job performance.

https://doi.org/10.32936/pssj.v4i3.187
PDF

References

Al-Madi, F. N., Assal, H., Shrafat, F., & Zeglat, D. (2017). The Impact of Employee Motivation on Organizational Commitment. European Journal of Business and Management, 9(15), 134-145.

Altindis, S. (2011). Job motivation and organizational commitment among the health professionals: A questionnaire survey. African Journal of Business Management, 5, 8601-8609.

Ates, O. T., & Buluc, B. (2017). The Relationship between the Emotional Intelligence, Motivation and Organizational Commitment of Primary School Teachers. Middle Eastern & African Journal of Educational Research(17).

Austen, A., & Zacny, B. (2015). The role of Public Service Motivation and Organizational Culture for Organizational Commitment. Management, 19(2), 21-34.

Aydin, O. T. (2012). The Impact of Theory X, Theory Y and Theory Z on Research Performance: An Empirical Study from A Turkish University. International Journal of Advances in Management and Economics, 1(5), 24-30.

Bang, H., Ross, S., & Thomas G. Reio, J. (2012). From motivation to organizational commitment of volunteers in non-profit sport organizations The role of job satisfaction. Journal of Management Development, 32(1), 96 -112.

C. R. Darolia, P. K., & Darolia, S. (2010). Perceived Organizational Support, Work Motivation, and Organizational Commitment as determinants of Job Performance. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 36(1), 69-78.

Castaing, S. (2006). The Effects of Psychological Contract Fulfilment and Public Service Motivation on Organizational Commitment in the French Civil Service. Public Policy and Administration, 21(1), 84-98.

Clar, R. E. (2003). Fostering the Work Motivation of Individuals and Teams. Performance Improvement, 42(3), 21-29.

Cohen, A. (2007). Commitment before and after: An evaluation and reconceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 336–354.

Dartey-Baah, K., & Amoako, G. K. (2011). Application of Frederick Herzberg’s Two-Factor theory in assessing and understanding employee motivation at work: a Ghanaian Perspective. European Journal of Business and Management, 3(9), 1-8.

Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2009). The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology.

E.E, A., & Abraham, N. M. (2013). Achievement of Abraham Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy Theory among Teachers: Implications for Human Resource Management in The Secondary School System in Rivers State. Journal of Curriculum and Teaching, 2, 140-144.

Gagne, M., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 331–362.

Gawel, J. E. (1997, November). Herzber Herzberg's Theor s Theory of Motiv y of Motivation and Maslow' ation and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Practical Assessment,Research & Evaluation, 5, pp. 1-3.

Guay, F., Mageau, G. A., & Vallerand, R. J. (2015, March). On the Hierarchical Structure of Self-Determined Motivation: A Test of Top-Down, Bottom-Up, Reciprocal, and Horizontal Effects. Hierarchy Of Self-Determined Motivation, pp. 992-1003.

Hattangadi, V. (2015). Theory X & Theory Y. International Journal of Recent Research Aspects, 2(4), 20-21.

Huselid, M. A., & Day, N. E. (1991). Organizational Commitment, Job Involvement, and Turnover: A Substantive and Methodological Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(3), 380-391.

Ismajli, N., Zekiri, J., Qosja, E., & Krasniqi, I. (2015). The Importance of Motivation Factors on Employee Performance in Kosovo Municipalities. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs, 3(2), 2-6.

Jaros, S. (2007). Meyer and Allen Model of Organizational Commitment: Measurement Issues. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 6(4), 8- 25.

Joo, B.-K. (., & Lim, T. (2009). The Effects of Organizational Learning Culture, Perceived Job Complexity, and Proactive Personality on Organizational Commitment and Intrinsic Motivation. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 16(1), 48-60.

Joo, B.-K. (., & Lim, T. (2009). The Effects of Organizational Learning Culture, Perceived Job Complexity, and Proactive Personality on Organizational Commitment and Intrinsic Motivation. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 16(1), 48-60.

Kaur, A. (2013). Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory: Applications and Criticisms. Global Journal of Management and Business Studies, 3, 1061-1064.

Kim, S. (2006). Public service motivation and organizational citizenship behavior in Korea. International Journal of Manpower, 27(8), 722-740.

Kroth, M. (2007). Maslow - Move Aside! A Heuristical Motivation Model for Leaders in Career and Technical Education. Journal of Stem Teacher Education, 44(2), 5-36.

Kuvaas, B., Buch, R., Weibel, A., Dysvik, A., & Nerstad, C. G. (2017). Do intrinsic and extrinsic motivation relate differently to employee outcomes? Journal of Economic Psychology, 244-258.

Leisink, P., & Steijn, B. (2015). Public service motivation and job performance of public sector employees in the Netherlands. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 36-52.

Lonsdale, C., Sabiston, C. M., Raedeke, T. D., Ha, A. S., & Sum, R. K. (2009). Self-determined motivation and students' physical activity during structured physical education lessons and free choice periods. Preventive Medicine, 69–73.

Lundberg, C., Gudmundson, A., & Andersson, T. D. (2009). Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory of work motivation tested empirically on seasonal workers in hospitality and tourism. Tourism Management, 890–899.

Maidani, E. A. (1991). Comparative Study of Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Job Satisfaction Among Public and Private Sectors. Public Personnel Management, 20(4), 441- 448.

Manzoor, Q.-A. (2010). Impact of Employees Motivation on Organizational Effectiveness. European Journal of Business and Management, 3(3), 36-44.

Markland, D., & Tobin, V. (2004). A Modification to the Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire to Include an Assessment of Amotivation. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology , 191-196.

Mohamed, R. K., & Nor, D. C. (2013). The Relationship between McGregor's X-Y Theory Management Style and Fulfillment of Psychological Contract: A Literature Review. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 3(5), 715-720.

Mowday, R. T., Steers, R. M., & Porter, L. W. (1979). The Measurement of Organizational Commitment. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 224-247.

Oliver, N. (1990). Rewards, investments, alternatives and organizational commitment: Empirical evidence and theoretical development. Journal of Occupational Psycbology, 19-31.

Pelletier, L. G., Fortier, M. S., Vallerand, R. J., Tuson, K. M., Briere, N. M., & Blais, M. R. (1995). Toward a New Measure of Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, and Amotivation in Sports: The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS). Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychogy, 35-53 .

Pitaloka, E., & Sofia, I. P. (2014). The Affect of Work Environment, Job Satisfaction, Organization Commitment On OCB of Intenal Auditors. International Journal of Business, Economics and Law, 5(2), 10-18.

Rahim, A. R., & Jam’an, A. (2018). The Analysis of Influence of Motivatin and Organizational Commitment on Employees Performance on Telkom Kandatel Gorontalo Province. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 16(4), 429-443.

Rahmawati, Y., Abiddin, N. Z., & Ro’is, I. (2015). Relationship Between Motivation and Organizational Commitment among Scout Volunteers in East Kalimantan. Journal of Social Science Studies, 2(1), 51-63.

Reeve, J., & L.Deci, E. (1996). Eclement of the Competitive Situation that affect Intrinsic Motivation. Society for Personality and Social Psychology, 22(1), 24-33.

Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2017). Organizational Behavior (17th Global Edition ed.). England: Pearson Education Limited.

Sherif, M. Z., Nimran, U., Prasetya, A., & S.Sos. (2014). The Role of Motivation in Human Resources Management: The Importance of Motivation Factors among Future Business Professionals in Libya. Journal of Business and Management, 16(8), 27-36.

Shoura, M. M., & Singh, A. (1999). Motivation Parameters For Engineering Managers Using Maslow’s Theory. Journal of Management In Engineering, 44-55.

Sohail, A., Safdar, R., Saleem, S., Ansar, S., & Azeem, M. (2014). Effect of Work Motivation and Organizational Commitment on Job Satisfaction: (A Case of Education Industry in Pakistan). Global Journal of Management and Business Research: A Administration and Management, 14(6), 2249-4588.

Steers, R. M., Mowday, R. T., & Shapiro, D. L. (2004). Introduction to Special Topic Forum: The Future of Work Motivation Theory. Academy of Management Review, 29(3), 379–387.

Tella, A. (2007). The Impact of Motivation on Student’s Academic Achievement and Learning Outcomes in Mathematics among Secondary School Students in Nigeria. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 3(2), 149-156.

Toode, K., Routasalo, P., & Suominen, T. (2011). Work motivation of nurses: A literature review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 48(2), 246-257.

Vallerand, R. J., & O'Connor, B. P. (1989). Motivation In The Elderly: A Theoretical Framework And Some Promising Findings. Canadian Psychology, 538-550.

Wahba, M. A., & Bridwell, L. G. (1976). Maslow Reconsidered: A Review of Research on the Need Hierarchy Theory. Organizational Behavior And Human Performance, 212-240.

William, A. N. (2010). Employee Motivation and Performance.

Wilson, I., & Madsen, S. R. (2006). The Influence of Maslow Humanistic Views on an Employee's Motivation to Learn. Orem, Utah.

Yusof, W. F., Kian, T. S., & Idris, M. T. (2013). Herzberg’s Two Factors Theory on Work Motivation: Does Its Work For Todays Environment? Global Journal of Commerce & Management Perspective, 2(5)(2319 – 7285), 18-22.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2020 Array

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.