Child Refugees in Europe
PDF

Keywords

Refugees, Children Refugees, EU, UDHR, European Union Refugee Policies

How to Cite

YAZGAN HADZIBULIC, S. (2020). Child Refugees in Europe. PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 4(2), 49-54. https://doi.org/10.32936/pssj.v4i2.148

Abstract

This paper provides an overview of the literature on the current refugee crisis in Europe, which primarily focuses on the situation of refugees that are children. Due to its magnitude, the world is currently facing one of the biggest humanitarian crises it has ever witnessed. Millions of people and young children have fled their home countries and became refugees The horror of wars and conflicts has affected all of the refugees while undoubtedly, it has had a more profound and significant impact on the children refugees. The rights of these refugee children are paramount, and one of these rights is that they are provided with safety and resources that will help them cope with the crisis while also ensuring they are provided a chance to a brighter future.

The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights. The European Union and the whole world have a direct responsibility to provide basic necessities such as food, shelter, education, health which can help and alleviate the mental and emotional suffering which the refugee children face. My research will focus on three important aspects of the child refugees crisis in Europe The general conditions of the children refugees, the conditions of camps especially in Italy, Greece, and Spain, and how the crisis has affected their daily lives and mental health. In the end, my conclusion will focus on the question of, what are the policies which Europe has to change which are designed to help and lead the refugee children which to a better future
The aim of this paper to have a better understanding of children refugees in Europe and to raise global awareness about their conditions and the humanitarian crisis at hand. My research will consist of information from academic articles, published books, various websites, data from previous studies, and resources.

https://doi.org/10.32936/pssj.v4i2.148
PDF

References

AIDA 2019 Mapping Asylum Procedures, Reception Conditions, Detention and Content of Protection in Europe.” Asylum Information Database |Conditions in Reception Facilities: Germany. https://www.asylumineurope.org/reports/country/germany/reception-conditions/housing/conDitions-reception-facilities (November 2, 2019).

AIDA 2019. “Access to Education.” Access to education - Greece | Asylum Information Database. https://www.asylumineurope.org/reports/country/greece/reception-conditions/employment-and-education/access-education (November 2, 2019).

AIDA 2019. “Conditions in Reception Facilities.” Conditions in reception facilities - Greece | Asylum Information Database. https://www.asylumineurope.org/reports/country/greece/reception-conditions/housing/conditions-reception-facilities#footnote51_oj4okh8 (November 2, 2019).

AIDA 2019. “Conditions in Detention Facilities.” Conditions in detention facilities - Hungary | Asylum Information Database. https://www.asylumineurope.org/reports/country/hungary/detention-asylum-seekers/detention-conditions/conditions-detention#footnote4_99iuf6a (November 2, 2019).

AIDA 2019.“Italy.” Country Report - Italy | Asylum Information Database. http://www.asylumineurope.org/reports/country/italy (November 2, 2019).

Bock, Jan-Jonathan, and Sharon Mcdonald. 2019. Refugees Welcome? Difference and Diversity in a Changing Germany. p2 New York: Berghahn Books

Chak, Farhan Mujahid. 2017. “Am I Not a Child? The Neglect of Child Refugees in Europe.” TRT World.

https://www.trtworld.com/worldcitizen/images/PDFs/aminotachild.pdf (November 2, 2019).

Crul, Maurice et al. 2019. “How the Different Policies and School Systems Affect the Inclusion of Syrian Refugee Children in Sweden, Germany, Greece, Lebanon and Turkey.” Comparative Migration Studies. https://comparativemigrationstudies.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s40878-018-0110-6 (November 2, 2019).

Edwards, Adrian. “Global Forced Displacement Hits Record High.” UNHCR.(2016) https://www.unhcr.org/en-us/news/latest/2016/6/5763b65a4/global-forced-displacement-hits-record-high.htm (November 2, 2019).

Ellinas, Antonis A. 2013. “The Rise of Golden Dawn: The New Face of the Far Right in Greece.” South European Society and Politics 18(4): 543–65. doi: 10.1080/13608746.2013.782838.

European Migration Network. Policies, Practices and Data on Unaccompanied Minors in 2014. 2014. 3rd ed. Paris:https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/sites/homeaffairs/files/what-we-do/networks/european_migration_network/reports/docs/emn-studies/unaccompanied-minors/10a_france_uams_study_english_version_final.pdf

Giannopoulou, Chrisa, and Nick Gill. 2018. “Asylum Procedures in Greece: The Case of Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Minors.” Asylum Determination in Europe: 109–30. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-94749-5_6.

IOM and UNICEF Data Brief. “Migration of Children to Europe.” 2015. https://www.iom.int/sites/default/files/press_release/file/IOM-UNICEF-Data-Brief-Refugee-and-Migrant-Crisis-in-Europe-30.11.15.pdf (November 2, 2019).

Keith, Liliana, and Michele LeVoy. 2015. “Protecting Undocumented Children: Promising Policies and Practices from Governments.” PICUM. http://picum.org/Documents/Publi/2015/Protecting_undocumented_children-Promising_policies_and_practices_from_governments.pdf (November 2, 2019).

Koehler, Claudia, Heckmann Friedrich, Daniel Goeler, and Michiel Lippens. 2018. “Multi-Country Partnership To Enhance The Education Of Refugee And Asylum-Seeking Youth In Europe.” Sirius - Policy Network on Migrant Education. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326113676_SIRIUS-Policy_Network_on_Migrant_Education_Multi-Country_Partnership_To_Enhance_The_Education_Of_Refugee_And_Asylum-Seeking_Youth_In_Europe-Perae_Comparative_Report. (November 2, 2019)

OHCR. 1989. “Convention on the Rights of the Child.” https://www.ohchr.org/en/professionalinterest/pages/crc.aspx (November 2, 2019).

Ostergaard, Liv Stubbe et al. 2017. “Restricted Health Care Entitlements for Child Migrants in Europe and Australia.” European Journal of Public Health 27(5): 869–73. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx083 (November 2, 2019).

Postelnicescu, Claudia. 2016. “Europe’s New Identity: The Refugee Crisis and the Rise of Nationalism.” Europe’s Journal of Psychology 12(2): 203–9. doi: 10.5964/ejop.v12i2.1191.

Rheindorf, Markus, and Ruth Wodak. 2017. “Borders, Fences, and Limits—Protecting Austria from Refugees: Metadiscursive Negotiation of Meaning in the Current Refugee Crisis.” Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 16(1-2): 15–38. doi: 10.1080/15562948.2017.1302032.

Sirin, Selcuk R., and Lauren Rogers-Sirin. 2017. “The Educational and Mental Health Needs of Syrian Refugee Children.” https://www.migrationpolicy.org/research/educational-and-mental-health-needs-syrian-refugee-children (November 2, 2019).

Stoyanova, Anastasia. 2017. “Refugees Not Welcome: Investigating Reasons for Violence Against Refugees in Germany.” Academia.edu. https://www.academia.edu/37528121/Refugees_Not_Welcome_Investigating_Reasons_for_Violence_Against_Refugees_in_Germany (November 2, 2019).

UNHCR 2019.” Greece”. UNHCR: The UN Refugee Agency Fact Sheet.

https://bit.ly/2E717It. (November 2, 2019).

UNHCR 2016 “Global Trends Forced Displacement In 2015.” The UN Refugee Agency. https://www.unhcr.org/576408cd7.pdf (November 2, 2019).

UNHCR 2018. “UNHCR Urges Greece to Accelerate Emergency Measures to Address Conditions on Samos and Lesvos.” https://www.unhcr.org/en-us/news/briefing/2018/11/5be15c454/unhcr-urges-greece-accelerate-emergency-measures-address-conditions-samos.html (November 2, 2019).

UNHCR. 2017. “Situation on Greek Islands Still Grim despite Speeded Transfers.” Refworld. http://www.refworld.org/docid/5a3cec6b4.html. (November 2, 2019).

UNICEF. 2019. “Latest Statistics and Graphics on Refugee and Migrant Children.” UNICEF. https://www.unicef.org/eca/emergencies/latest-statistics-and-graphics-refugee-and-migrant-children (November 2, 2019).

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2020 Array

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.