Challenges of Female Entrepreneurs in Transition Countries: Case Study of Kosovo


challenges, women, female, transition, entrepreneurship, factors

How to Cite

Gashi, R., & Gashi, H. (2019). Challenges of Female Entrepreneurs in Transition Countries: Case Study of Kosovo. PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 3(1), 67-77.


Opportunely in the time of globalization, female entrepreneurs, including those doing business in countries in transition, are moving towards the booming of their businesses. Apart from the advantages they have in the period their countries are transitioning, female entrepreneurs also are faced with many challenges. These challenges are faced by female entrepreneurs who are doing business in Kosovo, which is in a transition period. The challenges faced by female entrepreneurs in the state of Kosovo, apart from economic factors, are also cultural factors. Given the role of small businesses in the country's economic development, a number of these businesses are run by women, ventures also known as small businesses.

Through this research paper, we will try to highlight the main challenges of female entrepreneurs are facing in countries in transition, and especially in the state of Kosovo, where through the recommendations collected by this research paper, we believe that we will contribute to female entrepreneurs of this country.

Key words: Challenges, Women, Female, Transition, Entrepreneurship, Factors.


1. Merdža Handalić. (2009). The Position of Female Entrepreneurs in the European Union and Transition Countries. Journal of woman's entrepreneurship and education, 1 (2), 17.
2. Arbnore Abazi Salihaj. (2018). Impact of cultural factor on women entrepreneurs in economy: Kosovo case
3. . Master Thesis, Prishtine.
4. Bharthvajan R. (2014). Women Entrepreneurs & Problems Of Women Entrepreneurs. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, 3 (9), 16109.
5. Edona Haxhiu. (2015). The factors affecting success and performance of women entrepreneurs in Kosovo. Ljubljana, Slovenia: University of Ljubljana.
6. Elona Garo. (2015). The determining factors of the entrepreneurial will of the Albanian youth
7. . Tirane: University of Tirana.
8. Fauzia Jabeen. (2018, 2). Retrieved 2 25, 2019, from
9. Fellanze Pula. (2016). Business oriented by women-case study;Kosovo European University of Tirana, Phd Thesis, Tirane.
10. Francesco Quatraro, Marco Vivarelli. (2013). Entrepreneurship in a developing country context. Torino, Italy: Department of Economics and Statistics "COGNETTI DE MARTIIS".
11. Frédéric Meunier,Yulia Krylova, Rita Ramalho. (2017). Women’s Entrepreneurship- How to Measure the Gap between New Female and Male Entrepreneurs? World Bank Group.
12. Fungai Ngoma Mauchi, Margaret Mutengezanwa, David Damiyano . (2014). Challenges faced by women entrepreneurs: A case study of Mashonaland Central Province . International Journal of Development and Sustainability , 3 (3), 471.
13. Hind Bouzekraoui, Driss Ferhane. (2017). An Exploratory Study of Women’s Entrepreneurship in Morocco. IBIMA Publishing: Journal of Entrepreneurship: Research & Practice, 2017, 2.
14. Iklima Husna Abdul Rahim, Noor Fzlinda Fabeil, Toh Pei Sung. (2017). Motivator and challenges of women entrepreneurs. Journal of Global Business and Social Entrepreneurship (GBSE) , 1 (3), 115.
15. KDI . (2017). Supporting Women with Business Vitality-The Only Solution. Kosovo Democratic Institute.
16. Parliament of Kosovo. (2004). Retrieved 2 15, 2019, from
17. Mario Ҫurҫija. (2015, 11). Retrieved 1 20, 2019, from Entrepreneurship promoters in academic literature.
18. Mateja Vadnjal, Jaka Vadnjal. (2015). Female Entrepreneurs’ Start-Ups: Emotional Versus Traditional Support. In S. G.-R. Veland Ramadani, Female Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies:Trends and Challenges (p. 46). Palgrave Macmillan.
19. Mirjana Radović-Markov. (2015). Female Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies: An Overview. In S. G.-R. Veland Ramadani, Female Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies (p. 9). Palgrave Macmillan.
20. Mohan Kumar, H.S. Chandrika Mohana, Vijaya Ca, Lokeshwari Na. (2013). The Role of Women Entrepreneurship in Modern World. International Journal of Current Engineering and Technology (Special Issue 1), 102.
21. MTI, ARBK. (2018, 9). Retrieved 2 19, 2019, from
22. Nazmi Pllana, Kosovo Center for Business Support. (2016). Strategy for women entrepreneurs in the municipality of Kamenica for the period 2017-2022. Prishtine.
23. Poonam Kain, Meenakshi Sharma. (2013). Women Entrepreneurship Education Need for Today. Apeejay-Journal of Management Sciences and Technology (AJMST), 1 (1), 47.
24. Riinvest. (2017). Women's Entrepreneurship - Analysis of Business Doing Business in Kosovo. Prishtine.
25. Rrezarta Gashi. (2015). Strategic Management Role on Contemporary Emerging Market – The Female Economy . Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences , 6 (3), 158.
26. Sabiha Fazalbhoy. (2014). Women Entrepreneurship as the Way. Annual Research Journal of Symbiosis Centre for Management Studies, Pune, 2 (1), 122.
27. Siri Roland Xaviera, Syed Zamberi Ahmadb, Leilanie Mohd Nora, Mohar Yusofa. (2012). Retrieved 12 12, 2018, from
28. Arapi, D., Vardari, L., & Gashi, R. (2018). A A Women in The Labour Market and Decision Making in Kosovo. PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 1(1), 15-29. Retrieved from
29. Siri Terjesen, Ainsley Lloyd. (2015). The 2015 Female Entrepreneurship Index. GEDI Institute . Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute.
30. USAID. (2015, 11). Retrieved 1 15, 2019, from
31. Veland Ramadani, Shqipe Gërguri-Rashiti, Alain Fayolle. (2015). Female Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies. Palgrave Macmillan.


Metrics Loading ...