Forests are a very important component for the environment in Albania considering the fact that they occupy more than 36% of the country's surface. The evaluation of the working time consumption and productivity of the various sub-phases of wood extraction work, in a beech forest in Albania, with traditional methods and old equipment’s, was considered of interest in this study to highlight the weaknesses to be corrected. Considering the slope in our study site, a traditional cable car Austrian Type R-Gander (A 6832 SULZ) manufactured in 1985 was used for the extraction of timber. Trunks from a distance of 800 - 900 m were extracted using this equipment. The operating team consisted of 3 workers. 10 - 15 working days are required for the assembly and disassembly of the equipment. During the work performed, data regarding working times were collected, paying special attention to dead times, where avoidable times are high 61,0 %. The extracted volume was 31.46 m3, which corresponds to a weight of 41.82 t.
Acar, H.H., Topalak, O. and Eroglu, H. (2005). Forest skylines in Turkish forestry. Mehanizacija Sumarstva, 26(2), 137- 140. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344541364_Forest_Skylines_in_Turkish_Forestry
Baldini, S. & Pollini, C. (1998). Interaction between network of services: forestry and wood harvesting systems. Proceedings of the Seminar on Environmentally Sound Forest Roads and Wood Transport. Available at http://www.nzdl.org/cgi-bin/library?e=d-00000-00---off-0aginfo--00-0----0-10-0---0---0direct-10---4-------0-0l--11-en-50---20-about---00-0-1-00-0--4----0-0-11-10-0utfZz-8-00&cl=CL2.8&d=HASHc0f452759080ee9425fb05.6.1>=1
Civitarese, V., Pignatti, G., Verani, S., & Sperandio, G. (2006). Pianificazione delle operazioni di esbosco in un ceduo. Forest@ - Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology 3(3), 367-375. https://doi.org/10.3832/efor0391-003036
Dangwal, D.D. (2005). Commercialisation of Forests, Timber Extraction and Deforestation in Uttaranchal 1815-1947. Conservation and Society, 3(1) 110-133. Available at https://www.jstor.org/stable/26396602
DGFP. (2004). “National forest and pastures inventory”.
Eker, M. & Acar, H.H. (1995). Gantner skyline for timber extraction in Turkish forestry.
Workshop on New Trends in Wood Harvesting with Cable Systems for Sustainable Forest Management in the Mountains, 121-128. Available at http://www.fao.org/3/Y9351E/Y9351E16.htm
Heinrich, R. (1998). Recent development on environmentally friendly forest road construction and wood transport in mountainous forests. Proceedings of the Seminar on Environmentally Sound Forest Roads and Wood Transport. Available at http://www.fao.org/3/X0622E/x0622e10.htm
Kaakkurivaara, N., & Kaakkurivaara, T. (2018). Productivity and Cost Analysis of Three Timber Extraction Methods on Steep Terrain in Thailand. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 39(2) 213-221. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326632039_Productivity_and_Cost_Analysis_of_Three_Timber_Extraction_Methods_on_Steep_Terrain_in_Thailand
Kortoci, Y., & Kortoci (Kellezi), M. (2020). Comparison of time consumption and productivity during beech forest felling and processing in two different working conditions. Bilge International Journal of Science and Technology Research, 4(1) 43-47. https://doi.org/10.30516/bilgesci.692307
Kortoci, Y. (2009). Le utilizzazioni forestali per una selvicoltura sostenibile nelle faggete albanesi. Available at https://docplayer.it/60177324-Le-utilizzazioni-forestali-per-una-selvicoltura sostenibile-nelle-faggete-albanesi.html
Malinen, J., Laitila, J., Väätäinen, K., & Viitamäki, K. (2016). Variation in age, annual usage and resale price of cut-tolength machinery in different regions of Europe. International Journal of Forest Engineering 27(2), 95–102. https://doi.org/10.1080/14942119.2016.1171964
Ozturk, T., & Senturk, N. (2006). Extraction of spruce timber by Gantner cable crane from selective forests of Artvin region. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering, 27(1), 59-66. Available at https://hrcak.srce.hr/4000
Tadeusz, M., Stelian, A. B., Jiří, D., Michal, F., Sotir, G., Peeter, M., Andis, L., & Oleg, S. (2017). Timber Harvesting Methods in Eastern European Countries: a Review. Croatian Journal of Forest Engineering 38(2), 231-241. Available at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/319902722_Timber_Harvesting_Methods_in_Eastern_European_Countries_a_Review
Trzesnowski, A. (1998). Wood transport in steep terrain. Proceedings of the Seminar on Environmentally Sound Forest Roads and Wood Transport. Available at http://www.nzdl.org/cgi-bin/library?e=d-00000-00---off-0aginfo--00-0----0-10-0---0---0direct-10---4-------0-1l--11-en-50---20-about---00-0-1-00-0-0-11----0-0-&a=d&c=aginfo&cl=CL2.8&d=HASHc0f452759080ee9425fb05.6.10#HASHc0f452759080ee9425fb05.6.10
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2021 Array