A democracy is considered to be consolidated when no major political grouping attempts to overthrow the democratic regime or promote violence in order to seize any part of the territory from the existing state. Democracy becomes 'the only game on the town’ even when the state faces economic and political difficulties and challenges, all political groups believe and seek to find a solution within the constitutional order and democratic procedures. Namely, before any situation and difficulty in the state, the political forces in the country do not seek to solve problems by undemocratic means.
In addition to the main factors mentioned by various authors, in the case of Kosovo, a key problem for the consolidation of democracy, consolidation and positioning in the international arena is the process of normalization of relations with Serbia and cooperation and effective functioning of the three main constitutional institutions; The Assembly, the President and the Prime Minister of Kosovo, as the main pillars of the system policy based on the principle of separation of powers.
In principle, their greatest contribution to the consolidation of democracy in Kosovo is, the election and exercise of constitutional functions is done in accordance with the principles and norms set by the Constitution, enjoys the confidence of the majority of the population in the country, and there are no significant political forces and nor the attitudes of the public trying to replace democracy with authoritarian forms of government. In other words, echoing the metaphorical expression of American scientist Juan Linz, a consolidated democracy emerges when democracy is the only game in town.
Aristoteli. (1978). “Politika” (Politics). Rilindja. Prishtinë Rilindja.
Bajrami, A, (2011). “Sistemi Kushtetues i Republikës së Kosovës”. Artini Publication House. Prishtinë.
Democratic Institut of Kosovo. (2015). Election of the President by the people need or rhetoric. https://kdi-kosova.org/en/publications/election-of-the-president-by-the-people-time-need-or-usual-rhetoric/
Gashi F., (2016, February 26). Hashim Thaçi zgjidhet President i Kosovës në raundin e tretë me 71 vota. Available at https://www.gazeta-shqip.com/2016/02/26/hashim-thaci-zgjidhet-president-i-kosoves-ne-raundin-e-trete-me-71-vota/
Gjykata Kushtetuese (Constitutional Court) “Sqarimi i aktgjykimit në Rastin Nr. KO 29/11”. Available at https://gjk-ks.org/wp-content/uploads/vendimet/gjkk_ko_29_11_shq.pdf
Huntington, S. (1991). The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century, University of Oklahoma Press.
In Democracy for Development Institute: (2018). Kosovo’s democracy at risk? Party system volatility, government duration and institutional crisis in Kosovo. Available at https://d4d-ks.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/D4D_Elections_11_ENG_WEB.pdf
Adams, J. (2015). The Works of John Adams. Vol. 4: Novanglus, Thoughts on Government, Defence of the Constitution (Altenmünster, Germany: Jazzybee Verlag). Available at https://www.amazon.com/Works-John-Adams-Vol-Constitution/dp/3849693856
Dahl, R. (1997). Toward Democracy: A Journey, Reflections: 1940 – 1997, volume one (Institute of Governmental Studies Press: Universidad de California). Available at http://www.gbv.de/dms/sub-hamburg/248206672.pdf
Linz, J.J. and Stephan, A. (1996). Toward Consolidated Democracies, Journal of Democracy 7, 2 (April 1996), 14 33. Available at http://adpm.pbworks.com/f/Democratic%20Consolidation-Linz%20and%20Stepan-1996.pdf
Schedler, A. (1998). What is Democratic Consolidation? Journal of Democracy Volume 9, Number 2, April 1998, 91-107. https://doi.org/10.1353/jod.1998.0030
In Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK). S/2017/640. Available at https://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/s_2017_640.pdf
Freedom House 2019 Kosovo Electoral Process. Available at https://freedomhouse.org/country/kosovo/freedom-world/2019
European Commission, “Kosovo 2018 Progress Report”, Brussels. Available at https://ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/sites/near/files/20180417-kosovo-report.pdf
Karasimeonov, G. (2012). Challenges Facing the Consolidation of Democracy in Bulgaria. Friedrich Ebert Fondation. Available at https://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/sofia/09391.pdf
Instituti Demokraci për zhvillim (Democracy Institute for Development). (2018). Demokracia e Kosovës në rrezik?. Available at https://d4d-ks.org/wp content/uploads/2018/05/D4D_Elections_11_SHQ WEB.pdf
Kushtetuta e Republikës së Kosovës (Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo) Chapter IV, V and VI. Available at https://gzk.rks-gov.net/ActDetail.aspx?ActID=3702
Shehu B., (2019). Ramush Haradinaj jep dorëheqje të parevokueshme, Fokus, Kosovë. Available at https://www.dw.com/sq/kosov%C3%AB-ramush-haradinaj-jep-dor%C3%ABheqje-t%C3%AB-parevokueshme/a-49655224
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright (c) 2021 Array