Criminal Law Reform Toward Deprivation of Property Resulting from Corruption Criminal Acts
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Keywords

Legal Reform, The Deprivation of Properties, Corruption, Criminology.

How to Cite

WEDHA, Y. Y., & NURCAHYO, E. (2021). Criminal Law Reform Toward Deprivation of Property Resulting from Corruption Criminal Acts: A Criminological Perspective . PRIZREN SOCIAL SCIENCE JOURNAL, 5(1), 97-103. https://doi.org/10.32936/pssj.v5i1.207

Abstract

Criminal law reform is part of criminal law policy and is closely related to law enforcement policies, criminal policies and social policies. One of the forms of national legal development reform is the Reform of the Criminal Justice System (SPP) which is an integral part of a sub-system, namely legal substance, legal structure, and legal culture. Corruption as an organized crime in Indonesia is categorized as extra ordinary crimes that have an impact on the creation of injustice in society. One of the injustices referred to is related to the non-return of state losses stolen by corruptors. Whereas efforts to recover state losses are closely related to legal instruments in force in a country.  In Indonesia, the Criminal Code and the Law on the Eradication of Corruption places the confiscation of proceeds of corruption only as an additional punishment and does not have a clear formula for the mechanism of deprivation of properties, resulting in unclarity/obscurity of norms. This condition should not occur, therefore it is necessary to reform the criminal law immediately by studying the criminal perpetrators of a criminological perspective, which is related to the factors that cause people to commit criminal acts of curruption.    This article is a study of the author concerning the importance of making legal arrangements regarding the deprivation of properties from the proceeds of corruption to mitigate the state losses. This article is compiled by applying normative legal research using statutory approaches, historical approaches, conceptual approaches and comparative approaches. It is concluded that there must be immediate reform of criminal law in Indonesia, especially regarding the deprivation of properties from the criminal act of corruption based on the development of criminal behavior (criminology) and the development of international criminal law concerning corruption.

https://doi.org/10.32936/pssj.v5i1.207
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